Why are the red rocks of Sedona so red?

If you’ve ever visited Sedona Arizona’s famous red rocks or seen the Grand Canyon, or the Vermillion Cliffs or the astonishingly rainbow-colored hills of China’s Zhangye National Geopark, you likely noticed they have one thing in common: red-colored rocks.

Red rocks, rainbow mountains

Rainbow Mountains of China’s Zhangye Danxia National Geologic Park (Credit: imaginechina.com)

How did these rocks get so red? The answer involves iron, which bonds with other elements to form minerals famous for their red, rusty hue.

To start at the beginning, the iron on Earth came from ancient supernova events, the collapse of large stars that ran out of energy and “died.” After these stars collapsed (due to extreme gravity at their centers), they released a vast amount of new energy, which fused together elements, creating heavier elements, including iron (Fe).

After the force from such a collapse got too immense, the collapsing star exploded outward, sending the elements into space, said Jessica Kapp, a senior lecturer and associate department head of the geosciences department at the University of Arizona. [Photo Timeline: How the Earth Formed]

“When Earth first formed, it grabbed up a bunch of these elements from the space around it, including iron,” Kapp told Live Science in an email.

In Earth’s early history, during the Archean era (4 billion to 2.5 billion years ago), there was little oxygen in the atmosphere. Without oxygen, iron can dissolve in water, and so Earth’s early Archean oceans carried large amounts of dissolved iron, said Terry Engelder, a professor of geosciences at Pennsylvania State University.

However, single-celled organisms began producing oxygen through photosynthesis — a process that uses sunlight to power a reaction between water and carbon dioxide, leading to the creation of carbohydrates and oxygen.

That oxygen got into the oceans and bonded with the iron, leading to the creation of iron-oxide minerals, such as hematite (Fe2O3), which is often red in color, and magnetite (Fe3O4).

“An oxidation reaction you might be familiar with is rusting — when metal reacts with the oxygen in the air and becomes rust,” Kapp said. “In rocks, it is little grains of minerals like hematite and magnetite that have iron in them. Those minerals experience oxidation and become rust, turning the rocks red.”

The creation of these minerals led to the formation of the banded iron formations, the most important iron deposits in the world, Engelder said. The formations are “banded” because they contain layers of hematite between layers of silica, which were laid down as sedimentary rock layers during the during the late Archean to mid-Proterozoic (an era lasting from 2.5 billion to 541 million years ago), according to a 2016 study in the journal Geoscience Frontiers.

For instance, banded iron formations appear in Carajas, Brazil; Lake Superior, Canada; Hamersley Basin, Western Australia; regions in northern China; and the Mesabi Iron Range in Minnesota.

In the case of the Vermilion Cliffs in Arizona, the red color comes from iron-rich minerals that are interspersed with the sedimentary rock at that site.

“Red sandstones are very common in the western United States,” Kapp said. “[They] can be found in places like Sedona, Arizona, and in the Mojave Desert of California at Red Rock Canyon State Park.”

Other red rock formations that contain oxidized iron minerals include the Chugwater Formation in Wyoming, Montana and Colorado and the Redwall Limestone cliff of the Grand Canyon, which was stained red by the iron-oxide minerals leaching out from the layers above it.

Source: Why Are the Vermilion Cliffs So Red?

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Taurus Solar Eclipse May 9/10, take the bull by the horns Astrology

TAURUS SOLAR ECLIPSE May 9/10 2013
The 2nd of three SOUTH NODAL eclipses in a row. 

 spells I-N-T-E-N-S-E!   This is NO BULL.

Solar Eclipses are Super CHARGED NEW MOONS

This annular Solar Eclipse occurs at 19+ degrees TAURUS and will display the beautiful RING OF FIRE, much sought after by eclipse seekers.

 

It will ONLY be visible from western  AUSTRALIA  across most of the Northern Part and passing very close to New Guinea and out over the Pacific Ocean.

No we wont’ see it here in North America or Europe or most of the world. All solar eclipse effects last about a year afterwards.

Australia was also in the shadow pathway of the November 2012 Total Solar Eclipse in Scorpio. The area where the eclipse shadow passes is highlighted.

Where the planetary lines criss cross is where the effects of these planets will be felt the most. Ottawa Canada is one of the prime ares in the world. Moon Sun and Neptune cross here indicating the people and the government will  be at cross purposes especially over false illusions, debt, oil. I believe the PM Harper will be outed.

Cambodia is a highlighted prosperous area for mining and expansion as well as Myanmar. Vietnam are also highlighted for old wounds that need to be healed.

Dangerous areas are Iran, because  URANUS and PLUTO revolutionary atomic energy, religious fanatics, power-hungry Plutocrats cross here. Danger from tsunami’s north of New Guinea and in the Pacific Ocean due west of San Francisco.

Area in Northern Russia receives a lot of  focus as well as called Arkhangelsk, sounds like Archangels. Maybe a prominent shipping port or source of unusual magnetic energy? and  Madagascar.

What does this mean?

How does this eclipse affect you? Where is Taurus in your chart? Everyone’s got the sign of the Bull somewhere. Usually the natural 2nd house of money values romance. This is where the big light is blocked out to allow significant DNA, magnetic shifts in your consciousness in.

TAURUS, the first earth  FIXED sign, is the body and the earth itself.

From ancient times Bulls were worshipped because their horns re-created the pattern of the Moon, waxing and  waning between their horns. Taurus is Feminine, the goddess. It is sensual, practical, resourceful. It can be too stubborn and inflexible. Taurus, ruled by VENUS,  governs, resources, land, money, all physical things. The New York stock exchange was founded under the sign of the Taurus Constellation. ie. The BULL market. Taurus rules the arts, creature comforts, money, luxury, jewellery, smelling the roses, its romantic, sensual. Gets the job done. Can be lazy.

AUSTRALIA

Why is Australia in the shadow of the Solar Eclipse path? What is the meaning of this?

Australia is the oldest land on the Earth. Literally four and half billion years old. The most ancient Zircon’s which have preserved the first days of earth’s creation come from Western Australia. This discovery changed the way Geologists viewed the earth. The aborigines of Australia are the most ancient record keepers in the world, claiming that their history goes back in their memories 60,000 years. The symbol of Australia’s ancient wisdom and sacred red rocks is of honouring the earth HERSELF. Those who are aware can tune in and read these ancestral records.

On May 10 “at 6:31am on May 10, 2013, those gathering in the area will see the sun will emerge into view from beyond the east-northeast horizon. It will first resemble a pair of lobster claws and then when in full view, a horseshoe with upturned pointed tips. Finally with the dark disk of the Moon appearing to move down as opposed to the Sun moving up and off-centered “ring of fire” materializes, sitting just above the horizon. This wonderfully weird effect lasts 109 seconds, ending when the ring appears to “break” at the Sun’s lower limb. Within minutes the Sun again resembles a horseshoe, but now the pointed tips are directed downward.” – Guy Ottewell

Thanks to Carol Ann Ciocco at Galactic Free Press for some inspirational ideas I have included.

The eclipse will pass Papua New Guinea where it is 2013 and they are “BURNING witches!” Then over the Solomon Islands where Gay rights are severely prohibited and punishable.

The Eclipses’ shadow is highlighting how the Divine Feminine energies are being dishonoured.

All of these repressive Feminine and human rights energies are ANTI FEMININE, ANTI-GODDESS Anti-VENUS.  Nature, the earth, the stars and the Feminine were worshipped since the beginning of human awareness on this planet 60,000 years ago up until around 5-7,000 years ago.  So it was only in the last say 1/8 th of this cycle that the Patriarchy separated out from honoring the earth, the Great Mother and split off the mind from the heart, scorned and denied women, separated sex from nature and the true obvious cellular knowing that we are all born of woman, are all one with nature, all life forms and the earth is our mother.

VENUS the planet of LOVE, has recently re-appeared from her Underworld journey on MAY 6 appearing as the beautiful EVENING STAR. She is at ZERO degrees GEMINI on MAy 9/10 indicating  brand new communications, ideas and thinking about love, values, beauty and resources.  Venus in Gemini indicates seeing beyond apparent duality, unifying the opposites.

Read the May 2012 Solar Eclipse article http://www.taratarot.com/id160.html

PLANETARY ASPECTS

Taurus Solar eclipse Tara greene

click on chart to show larger

The Eclipse has asteroid Athena exactly conjunct the Sun and the Moon. The Greek city of Athens is dedicated to the Goddess of wisdom. Yes Greece will be highlighted for the next 6 months to a year because of this.

The Eclipse has Mars and Mercury in Taurus surrounding and conjunct the South Node. Indicating that taking our time to thoroughly use mind and body together, helps us release the past.

The Sun Moon Athena Mercury Mars South Node are also bunched up with dwarf planet Sedna who functions as a Goddess orbiting far beyond Pluto who opens a spiritual gateway to Higher dimensional realities. Sedna is an Inuit, Sea Goddess. Her resurrection into archetypal world consciousness indicates she and we are ready to work in her polar oceanic feeling world. We must take care of the world’s oceans as we all came from the ocean originally.  Asteroid Goddess JUNO squares the SUN and Moon at 15 degrees Aquarius, the very powerful mid-degrees. Juno represents specifically Female wisdom; in AQUARIUS- this is the need to revolutionize women’s subordinate role for the past 2,000 years. FREEDOM, inclusion, leadership, co-operation, respecting people, are all Aquarian hallmarks.

The energy is building to the next Uranus Pluto square on May 20- the old order of things and the new revolution are going head to head, even stronger now. The forces of evolution cannot be stopped.

MEDITATION INSTRUCTIONS go to my website to read all the instructions please 

scroll down the ASTROLOGY UPDATES page http://www.taratarot.com/id32.html

Find out exactly when the eclipse happens in your time zone at the NASA site.

Have a Zircon, as a grounding stone. Natural if you have one is best or use the photo to meditate on.

 

Want to know how this eclipse affects you?

Get a reading   http://www.taratarot.com

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