Why are the red rocks of Sedona so red?

If you’ve ever visited Sedona Arizona’s famous red rocks or seen the Grand Canyon, or the Vermillion Cliffs or the astonishingly rainbow-colored hills of China’s Zhangye National Geopark, you likely noticed they have one thing in common: red-colored rocks.

Red rocks, rainbow mountains

Rainbow Mountains of China’s Zhangye Danxia National Geologic Park (Credit: imaginechina.com)

How did these rocks get so red? The answer involves iron, which bonds with other elements to form minerals famous for their red, rusty hue.

To start at the beginning, the iron on Earth came from ancient supernova events, the collapse of large stars that ran out of energy and “died.” After these stars collapsed (due to extreme gravity at their centers), they released a vast amount of new energy, which fused together elements, creating heavier elements, including iron (Fe).

After the force from such a collapse got too immense, the collapsing star exploded outward, sending the elements into space, said Jessica Kapp, a senior lecturer and associate department head of the geosciences department at the University of Arizona. [Photo Timeline: How the Earth Formed]

“When Earth first formed, it grabbed up a bunch of these elements from the space around it, including iron,” Kapp told Live Science in an email.

In Earth’s early history, during the Archean era (4 billion to 2.5 billion years ago), there was little oxygen in the atmosphere. Without oxygen, iron can dissolve in water, and so Earth’s early Archean oceans carried large amounts of dissolved iron, said Terry Engelder, a professor of geosciences at Pennsylvania State University.

However, single-celled organisms began producing oxygen through photosynthesis — a process that uses sunlight to power a reaction between water and carbon dioxide, leading to the creation of carbohydrates and oxygen.

That oxygen got into the oceans and bonded with the iron, leading to the creation of iron-oxide minerals, such as hematite (Fe2O3), which is often red in color, and magnetite (Fe3O4).

“An oxidation reaction you might be familiar with is rusting — when metal reacts with the oxygen in the air and becomes rust,” Kapp said. “In rocks, it is little grains of minerals like hematite and magnetite that have iron in them. Those minerals experience oxidation and become rust, turning the rocks red.”

The creation of these minerals led to the formation of the banded iron formations, the most important iron deposits in the world, Engelder said. The formations are “banded” because they contain layers of hematite between layers of silica, which were laid down as sedimentary rock layers during the during the late Archean to mid-Proterozoic (an era lasting from 2.5 billion to 541 million years ago), according to a 2016 study in the journal Geoscience Frontiers.

For instance, banded iron formations appear in Carajas, Brazil; Lake Superior, Canada; Hamersley Basin, Western Australia; regions in northern China; and the Mesabi Iron Range in Minnesota.

In the case of the Vermilion Cliffs in Arizona, the red color comes from iron-rich minerals that are interspersed with the sedimentary rock at that site.

“Red sandstones are very common in the western United States,” Kapp said. “[They] can be found in places like Sedona, Arizona, and in the Mojave Desert of California at Red Rock Canyon State Park.”

Other red rock formations that contain oxidized iron minerals include the Chugwater Formation in Wyoming, Montana and Colorado and the Redwall Limestone cliff of the Grand Canyon, which was stained red by the iron-oxide minerals leaching out from the layers above it.

Source: Why Are the Vermilion Cliffs So Red?

Coping strategies for a Polar Vortex chaosnado.

I have gotten another cold. That is the 5th one since October. My immune system is really susceptible. So if I am not writing as much you know why. Please send me healing vibes, Dear readers.

Yes it’s an extremely very complex week in ASTROLOGY.

Yet another POLAR VORTEX coming again and it’s almost MARCH. This is the longest continuously freezing winter I can remember. I hope you are warm.


eye of the storm Polar Vortex tara greene

I am booked to be in the red rock vortexes of SEDONA ARIZONA April 13 during Easter – May 2

If you are interested in coming for an informal time of ceremony on the eclipses dates APRIL 15 and APRIL 28, Easter and May 1st Beltane for personalized healing work and guided meditations please email me asap.

I will also be offering supercharged SEDONA energy phone readings and healing by SKYPE.

PLease book these with me well in advance.

This week is a preview to April 15- 29th when we will all need to be coached. My contact info is below.

YE OLDE CAPPY MOON is so active today. That’s Capricorn moon.

squaring Uranus already- did you get any sleep at all?

opposing JUPITER also in the wee hours EST

conjuncting PLUTO at the crack of dawn

Moon sextiling his ruler SATURN with an old bone

Moon canoodling with VENUS 9 ish PST wee hours EST


JUPITER URANUS SQUARE HAPPENS 11:29 pm PST/ next day 2:29 am


Do be careful driving, of unexpected leaks in the plumbing, wild wacky winds and general chaos.

The energies repeat in EST.


MOON SQUARES MARS at night- jarring dreams.

MOON ENTERS AQUARIUS @ 6:55 am PST to give us a bit of detachment

Moon quincunx’s JUPITER & sextiles URANUS God of chaos.

this can be brilliant new concepts, and power failures, blown circuits and the like.


listen to RICHARD TYLER’S lovely music he is a Stuart Wilde protege and collaborater- nelow


just turn it all off. Guess what? The world doesn’t fall apart. Just do it for 15 minutes.


if you are somewhere warm and green then get down on the earth. this is extremely grounding. You can also get down on the snow if you are north of the 49th paralel. EMBRACE WINTER for what it is.


remember to breathe. Slowly. In with awareness, out with ease.


You are an infinite spiritual being having temporary amnesia while housed in a very dense meat suit. YOU are an expression and connected to ALL  THAT IS in the UNIVERSE. Atheists, religious affiliates and those who love cats can all relate to this.

5. LAUGH at it all.

I felt sad that Harold Ramis passed away yesterday. He made millions of people laugh with his off the wall humour. RIP Harold thanks for Groundhog day one of the most spiritual movies ever made. The big COSMIC joke is not to take any of it so seriously. MAY all beings have happiness and the causes of happiness. Is a Buddhist premise.


You have designed your life to be here, to be alive during these chaotic times. Are you a witness? What role do you have to PLAY in shifting the consciousness which these cardinal crosses symbolise. Really ask your Self that question. What is the purpose of my being alive at this place and time.


For others, for yourself. Not this egotistic, me, me stuff. Happiness comes from doing for others.  Remember random acts of kindness and senseless acts of beauty.

REMINDS ME of the famous William Butler Yeats poem

The Second Coming

Turning and turning in the widening gyre
The falcon cannot hear the falconer;
Things fall apart; the centre cannot hold;
Mere anarchy is loosed upon the world,
The blood-dimmed tide is loosed, and everywhere
The ceremony of innocence is drowned;
The best lack all conviction, while the worst
Are full of passionate intensity.

Surely some revelation is at hand;
Surely the Second Coming is at hand.
The Second Coming! Hardly are those words out
When a vast image out of Spiritus Mundi
Troubles my sight: somewhere in sands of the desert
A shape with lion body and the head of a man,
A gaze blank and pitiless as the sun,
Is moving its slow thighs, while all about it
Reel shadows of the indignant desert birds.
The darkness drops again; but now I know
That twenty centuries of stony sleep
Were vexed to nightmare by a rocking cradle,
And what rough beast, its hour come round at last,
Slouches towards Bethlehem to be born?



THIS IS THE GOLDEN TICKET at 8:05 pm PST/ 11:05 pm EST

see next article with MEDITATION RITUALS


GET A READING WITH TARA http://www.taratarot.com

MANY BLESSINGS I Am sending out prayers daily.


Mars Trine Neptune,10 days of Desire and Angel Messages, psychic Tara greene

Aug 25 11:53 pm PDT      8/26 @ 2:53 am EDT

 Mars- the warrior Trines-beneficial flow-  Neptune in Pisces

Neptune is spirit, bliss, Oneness, at 1 degrees of Pisces, Neptune ruler of  Pisces is conjunct to the Archangel GABRIEL the message bringer, the announcing angel. Just listen to Archangel Gabriel.

Another way of looking at this is Mars trine Neptune blends their energies and Mars as the warrior is more like the Archangel Michael the fiery Archangel of the East whose flaming sword protects.

Mars is desire, passion, life and Neptune is Spirit, Angels, bliss 

It’s WINGS of Desire / desire for wings.

I would use call upon and use both Angels energies.

Listen deeply to your Angels and carry a big sword of protection!

10 days INVOCATION of Angels -take action to invoke the highest energies and listen deeply with all of your soul.

Aspects begins Aug 25 Sept 3   10 day angelic invocation a step by step very simple guide.

 DAY 1  Aug 25PDT/26 EDT

Set the intention and  call in Angels Michael in the East and Gabriel  in the West.

If you are clubbing partying, etc. be very careful with drinkingthis night  as this aspect makes it easier to get plastered and fall for some drunken romantic illusions {Pisces.}

Better to go home early and save yourself  for the love of the angels.

Wings of Desire Mars trine Neptune

All you have to do is ask.

By Sacred Law the Angels must come and do your bidding.

Make a definite time to sit quietly, headphones to block out noise, soft meditational music, deep breathing, wear white, light a candle, ask for the protection and listen.

Day 2 Aug 26

Same thing, only this time bathe before you sit in mediation.

Offer food, cookies, oranges, chocolate.

 Relax sit breathe, light a candle, meditate. Ask the Archangels to come to you. Ask for Divine protection and ask what is the message Angel Gabriel has for you.

Day 3-10

The important thing is to repeat the actions every day. The body becomes accustomed to the routine. If nothing seems to be happening at first don’t give up. If you’ve never meditated before, your nose will itch, you will get distracted, your mind will race. You need to still the mind, the endless chatterand  yakkety  yak.

Why is it that there is more and more information and enldess  talking these day and less quiet time on the earth now than in the previous 30,000 years?

The plot is to keep you from being able to be still quiet reflect.

IT is tantamount to be able to get quiet,otherwise how else will you know what to do?

All the answers are with in. the angels are with in and without, all around you. You are the universe.

Keep doing the meditations evry day and notice you body start responding to healthier choices. If things don’t start flowing to you easier in synchronicity. That is also TRINE energy.

I will check in with you every day to see how you are doing.

I am doing this myself, and I am getting ready to go to Las Vegas to do 2 healing workshops with Stuart Wilde then on to Sedona for a week of serious meditations  in the famous red rocks vortexes.

 I will also be offering SEDONA spiritual psychic readings, tarot astrology and healing.

PLease book your Reading ahead of time so I can schedule you in around my other activities.

A rare opportunity to get enhanced spiritual vortex energy

Readings will be available Sept 4-10  from Sedona ONLY

book now  http://taratarotweb.tripod.com/id78.html

or email me taragreene@sacredartscentre.com

8/26 @ 2:53 am EDT

V for Victory, Venus transit, VAGINA, 1st Uranus Pluto square, Astrology from Tara greene

I have been incensed about Dem. Lisa Brown’s being silenced by Michigan Republicans for saying the tabu word VAGINA. She called a spade a spade in calling their legislation RAPE and they also silenced Barb Bynum. Government has to be secular. It is a gender issue. Men dont get pregnant. End of story. There is no democracy in the U.S. only for men. Women need to pursure liberty, happiness, in whatever way they choose.

If men had the glory and responsability of carrying and giving birth they would be able to get an abortion at a gas station, the golf club, or during lunch hour if they chose.

Gee what if she’d said PENIS. Male genitals are more covert than female ones.

V is for VICTORY I say.  Here’s my t-shirt

V for Vagina T-shirt by Tara Greene

 Is it just V words that are Tabu? Here’s more- Very Voluptuous V  words?

Vampires are Very popular these days. Viagra,  Virgin, Vesta, Vulgar, Vagrant, Vile, Vindictive, Voluminous, Vague,Valuable, Vast,

Vibration, Vernacular, Verbose, Verboten, Vice…

Vagina will not be censored. To muzzle a woman is to muzzle her vagina metaphorically.

Those Repubs in Michigan are.. a Yiddish word – Michiginah not spelled phonetically correct, usually meshigina but means CRAZY

Reminds me that this conflag arises from  the Venus Sun Transit June 5,6 

Venus = Women eclipsing the Sun=EGO,power, masculine, the King

Women must shed light on women’s rights, that is what Venus is showing.

Women are empowered and they are meant to eclipse the masculine Sun centered ego/religious forces now. It is an evolutionary force

Venus Retrograde in Gemini is a lot of talk, about Women’s values, Retrograde stuff is revisiting, RE- hashing old issues, reneging,

reminds me that REpublican is a Retrograde energy anyways, always moving backwards.

URANUS SQUARE PLUTO  the Ist of 7 Uranus Pluto squares comin’ up in less than 24 hours. 2:12 am PDT on June 24, 5:12 am EDT

I have been doing a lot of events lately and I am fortunate to meet all types of people. So I feel I get a good sampling, a  good read on many people. Iwas just at a hip Hotel opening, the Drake, last night in Toronto. The people I read for range from 20 somethings to late 50 year olds generally. I read for thousands of people every year.

What I see is people feeling very stressed, asking how do they change careers? They tell me they can’t sleep. Many people don’t even know what they really want to do, they dont know what they like. Many folks want out of the rat race. They dont know how to go about it.

The planet Uranus was the first planet discovered by a telescope. Uranus rules all technology, inventions, pioneers, electrical energy, transformers. Uranus rules the Internet, computers,revolution, independence, freedom, liberation. Uranus is like the Greek Prometheus who stole fire from the Gods to help humans.  Uranus is always unexpected, like lightning. Uranus shatters the old structures then invents something new. Uranus sees the big picture,  rules groups, the tribe, collective thinking. Uranus is the higher octave of Mercury, rules Aquarius and the 11th house of wishes hopes and dreams, opposite the 5th house.

Pluto, for whom status is nothing, Lord of the Underworld, King of the Dead, ruler of Hades, Pluto rules the unconscious, nuclear power, destruction, rebirth, the Phoenix, waste, garbage,  recycling,the Shadow, anything defiled, taboo, the dark side. Power, control, riches, the Plutocracy. Sex, money, inheritance, taxes. The Soul. All the biggies, the deep stuff. Primal. Pluto is the higher octave of  Mars. Pluto co-rules Scorpio and the 8th house. MArs also rules Aries. Wheer Uranus is right now. So Mars is also a big player now.

So stage 1 of Uranus in Aries Square Pluto in Capricorn  means-

Literally new life, freedom from and the breakdown of old existing structures, business and government. World revolution.Technology tramsforming the world soul. Unstoppable change. Unexpected destruction from nuclear power.

 A total transformation of the SOUL. The re-invention and birth of a new consciousness and world SOUL.

 Aries is the 1st sign, of new life, it is passionate, independent, angry, defensive, impulsive. Aries rules firearms, explosions,the head, defenses, missiles, the seed, the ram,soldiers, law enforcement,adventurers, action, ego, narcissistic personalities,long life, abundant energy, aggression.

Capricorn is the old guard, the Patriarchy, the government, corporate structure, conservative, traditional, worldy power,the father, old age, senators, seniors, employers, civil servants, social status, fame, ambition, power, honor, authority, public standing, all business, architecture.


 Uranus at 8 degrees of Aries and Pluto at 8 of Capricorn will impact YOU through the houses in your natal chart they are transiting.

Aries born March 26-30 you get the Uranus direct personality I AM makeover, and the Pluto square in your 10th house of  career.

Capricorn born Dec 29-Jan 2nd get the most Pluto rebirthing  identity and the Square from Uranus, unexpected changes at home and deep inside.

Cancer born June 26 -June 30 get the Uranus Square and the Pluto opposition. Uranus rocks your Career house, Pluto demolishes and transforms your marital status and all business relationships.

Libra born  Sept 27-Oct 1 get the Pluto square and the Uranus opposition. Pluto ignites an atomic explosion deep within, home, security, your shadows explode. Uranus brings liberation and independence into your relationships, you will stronger willed.

The Republican vs Vagina conflab is also part of Uranus Square Pluto- it is so obvious. Liberation vs Old guard.

V for Vagina Maynard James Keenan

The Uranus Pluto squares are ongoing till 2015.

Each individual experiences these transformative effects individually and collectively.

Need a life change guide? Book your  reading http://www.taratarot.com/id78.html

wanna buy my T-shirt design?  email taragreene@sacredartscentre.com

After I wrote this I went looking for some appropriate pics and found the cover of an album cover from musician Maynard James Keenan of  TOOL

 fame, another offshoot band of his called Puscifer. Recordedin 2007! Never heard it. It was synchronoicity.

Maynard is the owner of Caduceus wines in PAge Springs near Sedona Arizona. The winery produces amazing wine. We bought a cheaper and mid range wine and it was one of the best I ever tasted.    http://www.caduceus.org/

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